Prompt, award-winning, client-centric business legal representation delivered at fair and reasonable rates.


Our firm specializes in corporate formation and structure, commercial transactions, and real estate. Conveniently located in St. Louis, Missouri, we serve national and local clients in Missouri and Illinois.


Whether the client is a large corporation or an entrepreneurial startup, and regardless of whether there are only two parties involved in the matter or multiple entities with varying and competing interests, we approach the representation with the same strategic, solution-driven intensity.


We recognize that we have a responsibility to help clients solve their legal problems favorably, promptly, and economically. We believe that a practical, common sense and cost-effective approach to client problems and objectives is the best practice, and are assertive, strategic and effective advocates with a reputation for credibility earned by many appearances before state and federal judges, arbitrators and mediators.


The Gateway Arch, Saint Louis, Missouri



Corporate structuring and business agreements often involve complex legal issues and significant business and tax implications. We help our clients navigate the legal issues involved in transactions of all kinds and sizes from relatively straight-forward loans and leases to multimillion dollar acquisitions and sales. We advise and assist clients in a wide range of business-related transactions, providing seasoned and experienced counseling. Every detail is done in a timely fashion and in the most cost-effective manner available.



Time is often money in real estate matters, and so we strive to deliver prompt turnaround without sacrificing quality or integrity. Our firm has helped landowners, developers, builders, investors, tenants, lenders and private homeowners achieve their real estate objectives through sound and experienced counseling.


We have extensive experience in representing lending institutions in dealing with all phases of distressed commercial real estate loans, from portfolio analysis to REO disposition. The firm has represented banks, insurance companies and other institutional lenders, and worked on all property types from single-family suburban land developments to downtown office buildings. We have represented numerous institutional creditors in negotiated restructurings, bankruptcies, foreclosures, receiverships of distressed investments, and REO disposition. The firm's legal team has also represented numerous institutional mortgagees in enforcing their lien rights in out-of-court restructurings, foreclosures and in bankruptcy proceedings.



JOHN MARK HONGS, Principal Attorney


John is a business lawyer specializing in the areas of corporate formation and structure, commercial contracts, and real estate. His experience includes representing Fortune 500 Companies, other leading public corporations, banks and financial institutions, land holding companies and trusts, shopping mall developers, private equity funds, municipalities, and closely-held entities. He is also a recognized and peer-reviewed business litigator having significant successes in both jury and judge-tried cases. More about John

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If you do any business or provide services to customers on the Internet, May 25, 2018 is an important day. That Friday is the deadline for companies to implement and comply with the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that governs the collection and use of personal identifiable information. Personal identifiable information includes any data that can be used to identify a specific individual or to distinguish one person from another. Such data includes, but is not limited to, names, addresses, telephone numbers, email addresses, birthdays, social security numbers, credit card numbers, login names, profile photos and images, demographic information and even IP addresses.

The GDPR governs what companies must do to receive, maintain and protect personal identifiable information that they request, receive and collect from their customers on the Internet. The new law has very significant fines and penalties for non-compliance.


Do you think that the GDPR does not apply to you because you are a company in the US?


The penalty for technical noncompliance is the “greater” of either €10,000,000 (currently $11,852,905 US) or 2% of your company’s global revenues. The penalty for more serious noncompliance, namely violations of certain key provisions of the GDPR, is the “greater” of either €20,000,000 or 4% of your company’s global revenues. Obviously then, compliance with the GDPR may make the difference between your company's solvency and insolvency.

The task of complying with the GDPR is daunting but effective safeguards should be fairly easy to implement. A starting point to evaluate your company’s risk is to examine the following:

  • What kinds of data do you have, where is it stored, and how secure is that information from possible hackers or thieves? (The GDPR is particularly sensitive to the collection of children’s data.)
  • Where does the data come from, and how are input into your company’s system?
  • What kinds of security protocols does your company use to prevent data breaches and are the procedures clear and effective?
  • Do you have someone in the company who is specifically dedicated to oversee privacy and security protocols?

Small businesses (companies with fewer than 10 employees and annual revenues of €2,000,000, or about $2.5 Million US) are exempt from certain portions of the new regulations. However, the GDPR does not decrease the penalties and fines for small businesses that violate or ignore the requirements. Therefore, even small businesses must be careful to remove private data if there is no valid business justification or purpose for retaining such information and to comply with all applicable provisions of the GDPR.


Even if the GDPR absolutely, certainly and undeniably does not apply to your company (which is increasingly unlikely in today’s global and technological world), data security and records handling is still obviously an important part of your business that cannot be ignored. At a minimum, we suggest that you consider implementing at the least the following when asking customers and visitors for their personal information:

  • Be specific and concise about the kind of information that you are asking from your customers and visitors and make sure that they consent to each category of information.
  • Keep your consent requests separate from other terms and conditions governing your customers and visitors’ use of your website and services.
  • Use Opt-Ins that require customers and visitors to actively give their consent; do not assume permission merely because they choose to continue to use your website and services
  • Identify, when available, any third parties who will rely on the consent
  • Make it easy for individuals to withdraw their consent at any time and provide a clear way for them to do it
  • Remove personal data of anyone from your system whenever they request (except for minimal record keeping items for law-enforcement and court-related purposes)
  • Create and maintain a record of consents that you from your customers and visitors (i.e., who, when, how)
  • Examine your consent practices and existing records routinely.

The bottom line is that trust and engagement is what keeps companies running and profitable. How you handle other people's information is an integral part of that experience and has a significant effect on your company’s reputation. We highly recommend that you contact a company that specializes in GDPR technical compliance and correspondingly update your company’s website privacy policies and terms of use to reflect that you are complying with GDPR requirements.


People often ask me, a business lawyer, what I look for when I review contracts. My unvarying response is “everything.” That, by the way, should also be the response of any competent and careful attorney charged with protecting a client’s interest.

The point of a written contract is to clearly state the parties’ respective expectations. Contracts should also provide unambiguous guidance for frequently-encountered situations that may arise during the course of the parties’ contractual relationship. Every contract is unique. Contracts also vary widely in scope and quality depending on the level of skill and experience of the person drafting them.

Experienced attorneys do not necessarily need to opine on every single term or paragraph in a contract. However, a careful attorney will normally review everything the contract contains. This is so that the client will not encounter unpleasant (and likely consequential) future surprises that could have been identified in advance through a careful and thorough review.

Of course, the most basic components of a contract, such as the date of the contract, sale price, salary, loan amount, or rental rate - among other things - should always be identified and clearly understood. These are things that most non-lawyers understand to look for without the counsel of an experienced attorney. However, there are other contractual terms that are frequently just as important and must not be overlooked.

Here is a short list of the Top Seven Things that you should always identify and understand before signing any contract:

1.       The identity of the parties.

It is vital to know exactly who you are dealing with. Oftentimes, a salesperson or vendor presenting you with the contract is merely an intermediary for someone else. A salesperson or vendor could rightfully owe you nothing after they have obtained your signature. You need to know who to go to if you encounter a problem. Conversely, you also need to know and understand to whom you owe your contractual obligations.


2.       The duration of the contract and surviving terms.

Do you intend to be bound only for several days, a month, a year, or perhaps only until the job is done? Aside from knowing when your rights and obligations will expire, you also need to understand how long after your performance the other side can hold you legally accountable to do or perform other things. Many contracts will require that certain duties (for example, warranty and repair requirements) survive the completion of job or the deal.


3.       Terms defining default/breach and specifying remedies.

Understanding terms of breach and the sorts of remedies a contract offers is extremely important. Otherwise, you could violate the terms of the contract without knowing it. You also need to know to what extent you are liable to the other party if you fail to perform. These terms will spell out what will trigger liability and dictate the other side’s right to take you to court to seek a remedy. Most well-written contracts will also control what kinds of remedies are available to an aggrieved party. Sometimes the remedies are the same that the law generally provides, but frequently they are not. It is important that you know what circumstances will expose you to liability and also the exact consequences.


4.       Assignment clause.

Many contracts allow one party to transfer its obligations and rights to someone else who is entirely unrelated. If working with the same person or company over the course of a contract is important to you, you need to understand when and how the contract can be assigned to someone that you potentially do not know or have never dealt with. It is entirely possible, for example, that the other side may have the right to transfer the contract to someone else who may not be as qualified or perhaps be incapable of furnishing the result that you expected when you signed the contract.


5.       Forum Selection Clause.

It is critical for you to know where you can take the other side to court if there is a serious problem. Most well-written contracts identify a specific jurisdiction or court in which you can file suit or where a lawsuit may be filed against you. This is important because, realistically, it will make it much more expensive for you to recover damages - for example - if you live in Chicago but the contract requires you to file a lawsuit in New York City in order to vindicate your rights. Conversely, it may also be much costlier for you to defend against a claim in Anchorage, Alaska if you live in Missouri.


6.       Attorneys’ fees provision.

Many contracts contain an attorneys’ fee provision which states that the party prevailing in any lawsuit or dispute has the right to recover its attorneys’ fees and legal expenses from the other side. This clause is important in that it may control the dynamics of the contractual relationship and is oftentimes a significant factor in determining whether it makes more sense to sue or to settle. For instance, a party will probably not file suit to recover fifty dollars. However, if the contract allows that party to also recover its attorneys’ fees and legal expenses, that may change the dynamics enough to make it worthwhile to file suit.


7.       Arbitration clause.

Contracts may or may not contain an arbitration clause. However, they are more frequently seen in contracts when one side has significantly more bargaining power or financial resources over the other. Arbitration clauses often prohibit an aggrieved party from filing suit in a court and have the dispute tried by a jury. These arbitration clause will instead require the parties to enter into binding mediation or arbitration. The courts have widely enforced arbitration clauses, and it is important to know if you will not be able to vindicate your rights in court if something goes wrong. The ability, or inability, to file a lawsuit in court often affects the dynamics in a dispute. Generally speaking, it is often more beneficial for the party who does not have the means or resources of the other side to have the right to have the case litigated in court and tried by a jury of peers.


There is a high likelihood that something in a contract will be missed, misinterpreted or misunderstood without the benefit of a thorough review and guidance of an experienced attorney. It is my general opinion that non-lawyers who enter into contracts without first seeking the opinions of an attorney do so at their own peril. However, I also recognize that someone may not always have the time, money, or resources to engage a lawyer. In those cases, it is imperative that – at the very least – the components identified above be identified and understood before signing.



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Westminster Legal Group LLC
4220 Duncan Avenue, Suite 201
Saint Louis, Missouri 63110-1108
Phone: 314-795-9148 314-795-9148
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Nothing presented on this website is intended to be legal advice. Every client’s situation must be evaluated on a case-by-case basis.

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